太阳2

民用建筑是怎么构造组成的?
编辑:太阳2     发布时间:2020-8-17

  建筑的物质实体一般由承重结构、围护结构、饰面装修及附属部件组成。太阳2表示承重结构分为:基础、承重墙体(在框架结构建筑中承重墙体则由梁、柱代替)、楼板、屋面板等。围护结构可为:外围护墙、内墙(在框架结构建筑中为框架填充墙和轻质隔墙)等。饰面装修一般按其部位分为:内外墙面、楼地面、屋面、顶棚灯饰面装修。附属部件一般包括:楼梯、电梯、自动扶梯、门窗、阳台、栏杆、隔断、花池、台阶、坡道、雨篷等。

  JIANZHUDEWUZHISHITIANQISUOZAIBUWEIHEGONGNENGDEBUTONG,YOUKEYIFENWEI:JICHU、QIANGHEZHU、LOUBANCENGHEDIPINGCENG、LOUTIHEDIANTI、WUDING、MENCHUANGDENG。

  (YI)JICHU

  JICHUSHIQIANGHUOZHUXIAMIANDECHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,MAIZAIZIRANDIMIANYIXIA,CHENGSHOUJIANZHUWUQUANBUHEZAIDECHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,BINGJIANGZHEIXIEHEZAICHUANJIDIJI。JICHUBIXUYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDUHEWENDINGXING,BINGNENGDIYUDIXIASHUI、BINGDONGDENGGEZHONGYOUHAIYINSUDEQINSHI。

  (ER)QIANG(ZHU)

  QIANG(ZHU)CHENGSHOULOUBANHEWUDINGCHUANLAIDEHEZAI。ZAIQIANGCHENGZHONGDEFANGWUZHONG,QIANGJISHICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,YOUSHIWEIHUGOUJIAN;ZAIKUANGJIACHENGZHONGDEFANGWUZHONG,ZHUSHICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,ERQIANGZHISHIWEIHUGOUJIANHUOFENGEGOUJIAN。ZUOWEICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,QIANG(ZHU)BIXUJUYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDUHEWENDINGXING;ZUOWEIWEIHUGOUJIAN,WAIQIANGBIXUDIYUZIRANJIEGEZHONGYINSUDUISHINEIDEQINXI。NEIFENGEQIANGZEBIXUGESHENG、BAOWEN、GERE、FANGHUO、FANGSHUIDENG。

  (SAN)LOUBANCENGYUDIPINGCENG

  LOUBANJISHISHUIPINGFANGXIANGSHANGDECHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,YOUSHIFENGELOUCENGKONGJIANDEWEIHUGOUJIAN。ZHICHENGREN、JIAJUHESHEBEIHEZAI,BINGJIANGZHEIXIEHEZAICHUANDIJICHENGZHONGQIANGHUOLIANG、ZHU;TONGSHILOUBANCENGZHICHENGZAIQIANGTISHANG,DUIQIANGTIQIZHESHUIPINGZHICHENGZUOYONG,ZENGQIANGJIANZHUDEGANGDUHEZHENGTIXING,BINGYONGLAIFENGELOUCENGZHIJIANDEKONGJIAN。YINCI,LOUBANCENGYINGYOUZUGOUDECHENGZAILIHEGANGDU,TONGSHIXINGNENGYINGMANZUSHIYONGHEWEIHUYAOQIU。

  DANGJIANZHUWUDICENGWEIYONGLOUBANJIAKONGSHI,DIPINGCENGZUOWEIDICENGKONGJIANYUDIJIZHIJIANDEFENGEGOUJIAN,ZHICHENGZHERENHEJIAJUSHEBEIDEHEZAI,BINGJIANGZHEIXIEHEZAICHUANDIJIDIJI。DIPINGCENGYINGJUYOUZUGOUDECHENGZAILIHEGANGDU,BINGNENGJUNYUNCHUANLIHEFANGCHAO。

民用建筑是怎么构造组成的?

  (SI)LOUTIYUDIANTI

  LOUTISHIJIANZHUWUZHONGRENMENBUXINGSHANGXIALOUCENGDECHUIZHIJIAOTONGLIANXIBUJIAN,BINGGENJUXUYAOMANZUJINJISHIGUSHIDERENYUANSHUSAN。LOUTIYINGYOUZUGOUDETONGXINGNENGLI,BINGZUODAOJIANGUNAIJIUHEMANZUXIAOFANGSHUSANANQUANDEYAOQIU。DIANTISHIGAOCENGJIANZHUHEMOUXIEDUOCENGJIANZHU(RUYIYUAN、SHANGCHANG、CHANGFANGDENG)BIXUDECHUIZHIJIAOTONGSHESHI。DIANTIYINGJUYOUZUOGOUDEYUNSONGNENGLIHEFANGBIANKUAIJIEXINGNENG。XIAOFANGDIANTISHIYONGYUJINJISHIGUSHIXIAOFANGPUJIUZHIYONG,HAIXUYAOMANZUXIAOFANGANQUANYAOQIU。ZIDONGFUTISHILOUTIDEJIXIEHUAXINGSHI,YONGYUCHUANSONGRENLIUDANBUNENGYONGYUXIAOFANGSHUSAN。ZIDONGFUTIYINGZHUYITIDUANSHANGRENLIUTONGXINGANQUAN。

  (WU)WUDING

  WUDINGSHIJIANZHUWUDINGBUGOUJIAN,JISHICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,YOUSHIWEIHUGOUJIAN。WUMIANBANZHICHENGWUMIANSHESHIJIZIRANJIEZHONGFENGSHUANGXUEYUHEZAI,BINGJIANGZHEIXIEHEZAICHUANDIJICHENGZHONGQIANGHUOLIANGZHU。WUDINGYINGJUYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDUHEGANGDU,BINGJUYOUFANGSHUI、BAOWEN、GEREDENGNENGLI,SHANGRENWUMIANHAIDEMANZUSHIYONGDEYAOQIU。

  (LIU)MENCHUANG

  MENZHUYAOSHIGONGLIANXINEIWAIJIAOTONGHUOZUGERENLIU,YOUDEMENYEJIANYOUCAIGUANGTONGFENGZUOYONG。MENYINGGAIMANZUJIAOTONG、XIAOFANGSHUSAN、FANGDAO、GESHENG、REGONGDENGYAOQIU。CHUANGDEZUOYONGZHUYAOSHICAIGUANG、TONGFENGJITIAOWANG。CHUANGYINGMANZUFANGSHUI、GESHENG、FANGDAO、REGONGDENGYAOQIU。

  CHULESHANGSHULIUDAJIBENZUCHENGGOUJIANWAI,DUIBUTONGSHIYONGGONGNENGDEJIANZHU,HAIYOUGEZHONGBUTONGDEGOUJIANHEPEIJIAN,RU:YANGTAI、YUPENG、TAIJIE、SANSHUI、LAJIJING、YANDAODENG。SUOYOUZUCHENGJIANZHUDEGEGEBUFENQIBUTONGDEZUOYONG。ZAISHEJIGONGZUOZHONGHAIBAJIANZHUDEGEGEZUCHENGBUFENHUAFENWEIJIANZHUGOUJIANHEJIANZHUPEIJIAN。JIANZHUGOUJIANZHUYAOSHIZHIQIANG、ZHU、LIANG、WUJIADENGCHENGZHONGJIEGOU;JIANZHUPEIJIANZHUYAOSHIZHIWUMIAN、DIMIAN、QIANGMIAN、MENCHUANG、LANGAN、HUAGE、XIBUZHUANGXIUDENG。


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